For literary junkies everywhere, the name Rubén Darío sounds way too familiar, but for those who are lost, let me school you.
In honor of what would have marked his 151st birthday on January 18th, here are some facts about the iconic Nicaraguan poet, who is known for kicking off the Spanish modernism movement in literature.
1. Rubén Darío was born Félix Rubén García Sarmiento on January 18, 1867.
2. He was born in Metapa, Matagalpa, Nicaragua. Today, Metapa is known as Ciudad Darío.
3. Darío was raised by his maternal aunt and uncle in León, Nicaragua.
4. His passion for poetry began at three years old when he began to read.
5. By the age of 13, Darío was already writing poetry and published his first sonnet in a newspaper. He was called The Boy Poet.
6. At the age of 14 he traveled to El Salvador where he met French literature expert Francisco Gavidia, who introduced him to the Alexandrine verses (a characteristic verse in Modernist poetry).
7. French poetry is believed to be his biggest influence in his formation as a poet.
8. After becoming a household name in Nicaragua, Darío traveled all over Latin America and Europe, including Chile, Costa Rica, Spain, and Paris.
9. In fact, he became a journalist in Argentina and published in several newspapers such as La Nación, La Prensa, La Tribuna, and El Tiempo.
10. He was married three times: Rafaela Contreras, Rosario Murillo, and Francisca Sanchez del Pozo.
11. His famous literary works include Prosas Profanas and Azul.
12. In the early 1900's, he published his last important work of poetry in Barcelona titled: Canto a la Argentina y otros poemas.
13. He has been praised as the Prince of Castilian Letters and is known as the father of the modernismo literary movement.
14. Darío passed away on February 6, 1916 in León, Nicaragua. He was 49.
15. His tomb is found in La Catedral de León, the largest cathedral in Central America. His house in León is also a museum.
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